History Wiki
History Wiki

The Akkadian Empire was an empire consisted of Semitic speaking peoples that spoke the Semitic language of Akkadian and the Sumerian language which declined later on in the empire. They were one of the first empires in Mesopotamia, the empire was united with Sumerians and Akkadians. The Akkadian Empire eventually fractured, leaving two Akkadian-speaking states, Assyria and later, Babylonia.

The founder of the Akkadian Empire, Sargon of Akkad had conquests against their neighbors which eventually led to the peak of the empire.[1] The language of the Akkadians eventually spread to neighbors who were conquered, mostly in Persia, that being Elam and Gutium.

Kings of Akkad[]

  • Sargon of Akkad - 2334–2279
  • Rimuš - 2278–2270
  • Maništušu - 2269–2255
  • Naram-Sin - 2254–2218
  • Shar-Kali-Sharri - 2217–2193
  • Dudu of Akkad - 2189–2169
  • Shu-turul - 2168–2154


  1. Zettler (2003), p. 20. "Brinkman's chronology places Sargon's accession at 2334, his successors, Naram-Suen and Sharkalisharri, under whom the dynasty presumably collapsed, at 2254–2218 and 2217–2193, respectively, and the Third Dynasty of Ur at 2112–2004. however, Brinkman noted that if Hallo's 40 year Gutian interregnum is correct then the Dynasty of Akkade would have to be dated 2293–2113. The middle chronology, however, is under attack, with various scholars arguing strongly in favor of a low(er) chronology and for various reasons. Without going into detail, Boese has placed Sargon's accession at shortly after 2250 (1982), Gasche, Armstrong, Cole and Gurzadyan at 2200 (1998) and Reade at 2180 (2001), with the Third Dynasty of Ur moved according."